General Motors’ robotaxi service Cruise has been barred from testing driverless vehicles on public roads in California. The California Department of Motor Vehicles states the ban is “immediate,” but says Cruise can continue testing with a human driver at the wheel.

The California DMV informed Cruise of its retracted approval prior to a press release issued Tuesday. Cruise was approved to operate driverless, Chevrolet Bolt-based taxis in San Francisco in June 2022, and has since expanded its test program to Seattle, WA, Washington D.C., and Austin, TX. However, test vehicles have malfunctioned and been implicated in a series of traffic blockages and collisions, some of which have caused injuries or fatalities.

A Cruise AV in San Francisco’s Chinatown. Cruise

“The California DMV today notified Cruise that the department is suspending Cruise’s autonomous vehicle deployment and driverless testing permits, effective immediately,” the California DMV said in a release. The Department added, “the manufacturer has misrepresented any information related to safety of the autonomous technology of its vehicles,” describing Cruise’s AVs as “not safe for the public’s operation.”

“When there is an unreasonable risk to public safety, the DMV can immediately suspend or revoke permits. There is no set time for a suspension,” the DMV continued, adding that it has provided Cruise with a path back to approval. The DMV also noted that the permit revocation for AV use does not prohibit operation with a human safety driver.

(1/6) We learned today at 10:30 am PT of the California DMV’s suspension of our driverless permits. As a result, we will be pausing operations of our driverless AVs in San Francisco.

— cruise (@Cruise) October 24, 2023

Cruise has faced increasing pushback in its pioneering test environment of San Francisco, where locals have sabotaged driverless test vehicles from Cruise and competitor Waymo (funded by Google owner Alphabet). Cruise AVs have famously blocked traffic by freezing up in situations they don’t have a programmed response for, which has also occurred in Austin. Cruise AVs have also blocked emergency vehicles, leading in one case reported by SFGate to two stationary Cruise vehicles for delaying treatment of a pedestrian hit by a car, resulting in their death. The driverless Cruises have also collided with a bus, hit and killed a dog in June (Waymo is guilty of the same), and dragged away an injured pedestrian who was struck in a hit-and-run earlier this month.

Enforcement against Cruise raises questions about the fate of competing driving automation programs, such as that of Waymo, as well as less-capable assists such as Tesla’s Full Self-Driving. Tesla specifically faces a court case regarding the performance of its Autopilot system, which is expected to be sent to a jury Tuesday according to Reuters.

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